Alkylphenol with a C8-Alkyl-chain
Octylphenol is used in the production of phenolic resins and lacquers which are, e.g., applied in the process of vulcanisation of tires. The major part, however, is needed for the production of octylphenol ethoxylates which are used as surfactants. Moreover, octylphenol is found as impurity in the quantitatively more important nonylphenols and nonylphenol ethoxylates.
In the environment, octylphenol ethoxylate is successively degraded to octyphenol.
Of all octyphenol ethoxylates, the 4-octylphenol-compounds are commercially most important. Accordingly, their degradation products – e.g., the branched 4-tert octylphenol and the linear 4-n-octylphenol - are the dominant octylphenols found in the environment.
Bioindicator in rivers and lakes
Important, old-industrialised conurbation in Germany.
Longest river in Germany
Fourth largest river basin in Central Europe
1992 - 2001