One of the most important edible mussel species common in the North and Baltic Sea
The common mussel is one of the biggest producers of biomass in coastal waters. Its method of feeding causes it to filter from the water hazardous substances which have either dissolved or been adsorbed by organic and anorganic particulate.
The common mussel has been used for many years in national and international monitoring programmes as a load indicator for hazardous substances in coastal waters, and there is even a recommendation to set up a worldwide
mussel watch. The reasons for this are its significant function in the coastal water system, its ability to absorb and accumulate many hazardous substances rapidly while remaining sufficiently resistant, its sedentary behaviour with a high probability that mature individuals will not migrate from their original site, adequate availability, extensive geographical presence and not least widespread use as a source of human food.
The entire soft body is used as a specimen. Sampling takes place every two months.
For more information about the specimen, the sampling and the processing of samples see the Guideline for Sampling and Sample Processing Blue Mussel (Mytilus edulis complex)
Recommended analysis examples
The soft body of the mussel enriches the filtrated substances. It consists of muscles and inner organs.
Eighty percent of all elements on earth are metals
Only eighteen elements in the periodic table
Organic substances with at least one metall atom
Group of organic compounds with at least one covalently bonded chlorine atom
Toxic and persistent organochloropesticide
Several isomeric compounds among the group of chlorinated hydrocarbons
Group of organic compounds with at least three condensed six-membered rings
Organic compounds which are fully (per-) or partially (poly-) fluorinated
Class of synthetic fragrances
Class of non-ionic surfactants and their degradation products
Atoms of one element with different weights
Flame retardants reduce the flammability of objects
Additional information for the interpretation of contamination data
1985 - 2020
Links to external information and legislation
Morphologische und genetische Untersuchungen an den Probenarten Miesmuschel (Mytilus edulis) und Blasentang (Fucus vesiculosus) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Hybridisierungseffekten
Quack, Markus; Kosuch, Joachim
Trier: Universität Trier, Fachbereich VI – Biogeographie, 2005. - 170, 2005