Common beech, European beech; scientific name: Fagus sylvatica
Beech leaves
Photo: UPB-Projektgruppe Trier

As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.

 Unlike the coniferous spruce, it prefers lower altitudes.

The leaves are the target organ. Sampling takes place in the late summer before the leaves begin to change colour from August to mid-September.

For more information about the specimen, the sampling and the processing of samples see the Guideline for Sampling and Sample Processing Red Beech (Fagus sylvatica).

Target organs/Matrices

  • Leaves
    As the assimilation organs of the dominant deciduous tree species growing in summer, beech leaves are very well-suited as bioindicators for atmospheric immissions during the vegetation period.

Sampling area


Sampling period

1989 - 2022

Biometric parameters

Extended information

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