WEG Wimbachtal

Alpine high valley

The sub-area covers an area of about 33 km2 with altitudes between 800 and 2000 metres. It is located within the catchment area of the small river Wimbach and is bordered to the north by the boundary of the National Park. In the middle of the sub-area lies the Wimbachtal, a mountain high valley of about 10 km length which is also the heart of the BR/NP Berchtesgaden.

The Wimbachtal is characterised by huge permanently moving debris-flows. At the end of the valley these are about 1.5 km wide. During the glacial period, the valley was carved out and deepened. Nowadays, the bedrock is more than 300 metres below the surface of the debris-flows that cover the valley. The dominant rock in this subarea is Ramsau dolomite.

  • The main hiking trail and the inns Wimbachschloß and Wimbachgrieshütte are the only direct anthropogenic impacts in this subarea.
  • A sampling site for beech and spruce as well as for soil is located in the sub-area.

Sampling site

  • Alpine high valley with a clastic rock of dolomite
  • The sampling site Wimbachtal is located in a high valley at an altitude of 1100 m.


  • A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.
  • As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.
  • Soil is livelihood and biosphere for humans, animals, plants and soil organisms. All the substances brought in are transported, transformed and/or accumulated in the soil.


Sampling period

1998 - 2022

Extended information

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