Indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene

IP; INP; formula: C22H12; CAS Registry Number: 193-39-5
Structure of indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene
Source: PubChem
Identifier: CID 9131
URL: https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/9131#section=2D-Structure

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with five six-membered rings and one five-membered ring

Indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene occurs in fossil fuels and is a product of incomplete combustion. It has been detected in soils, groundwater and surface waters near hazardous waste sites, in tobacco smoke, exhausts from gasoline engines and coal ovens, lubricating oils and used motor oils.

Its volatility is low. In the atmosphere it is adsorbed to particles and may enter soils and waters through wet and deposition.

Indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene is persistent in the environment and has a high potential for bioaccumulation.

In animal experiments it is carcinogenic and mutagenic and is suspected to be carcinogenic also to humans.

Indeno[1,2,3-c,d]pyrene is one of 16 PAHs which were included in the U.S. EPA-list of Priority Pollutants and is on the EU-list of PAH recommended for monitoring.

Specimen

  • Common mussel species as invasive animal in rivers and lakes with high information level for water pollution
  • Fine insoluble mineral or organic particles in the water phase
  • One of the most important edible mussel species common in the North and Baltic Sea
  • A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.
  • A major primary producer in semi-natural and anthropogenic affected ecosystems.
  • A deciduous tree typical of ecosystems close to dense conurbations and an indicator for the characterisation of the immission situation during the vegetation period.
  • As the most dominant deciduous tree species in Central Europe, it plays a significant role in most nearly natural and also anthropogenically influenced forest ecosystems up to an altitude of 1100 m.
  • As an organism living at ground level, it is a major driver of the decomposition of organic material (e.g. plant litter).
  • As an organism living at ground level, it is a major driver of the decomposition of organic material (e.g. plant litter).

Sampling area

Sampling period

1985 - 2019